End Preventable
Child Mortality

We’ve made great progress in child survival, and are on the path to end all preventable child deaths.

Child Health

At the heart of Agenda 2030 is the notion of securing a safer and healthier future for our children.

Under the Millennium Development Goals, we galvanized political leadership, attracted billions of dollars in new financial commitments and witnessed the launch of the UN Secretary-General’s Every Woman Every Child initiative, a powerful multi-stakeholder movement for health.

The world is currently reducing under-five deaths faster than at any other time during the past two decades. The global annual rate of reduction in under-five mortality has steadily accelerated during the MDG time period, more than doubling since the early 1990s thanks to sustained political commitment and the funding of effective and affordable prevention and treatment interventions and delivery systems.

Despite these gains, child survival remains an urgent concern. While the number of under-five deaths has been greatly reduced, 5.9 million children still die every year, mostly from preventable diseases. Nearly three-quarters of these deaths are due to pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria and newborn-related causes. Malnutrition is an underlying factor in nearly half of all of child deaths, which could be averted through affordable interventions.

Improving the access to essential interventions and services for the world’s most vulnerable women and children will be critical to achieving the SDG target of reducing under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births in every country by 2030.

Our collective success will depend on robust global funding, greater efforts by health ministries, and improved data and measurement tools to help inform decision-making and target funding. A special focus will be placed on supporting the prevention and treatment of the leading causes of child death in areas of conflict, which now account for 53% of under-five deaths.

We can and must deliver on this promise of a healthier world for all children—it is within our reach.